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src/bin/dd/conv.c

/*	$OpenBSD: conv.c,v 1.12 2015/01/16 06:39:31 deraadt Exp $	*/
/*	$NetBSD: conv.c,v 1.6 1996/02/20 19:29:02 jtc Exp $	*/

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1991, 1993, 1994
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
 * Keith Muller of the University of California, San Diego and Lance
 * Visser of Convex Computer Corporation.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>

#include <err.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "dd.h"
#include "extern.h"

#define MINIMUM(a, b)	(((a) < (b)) ? (a) : (b))

/*
 * def --
 * Copy input to output.  Input is buffered until reaches obs, and then
 * output until less than obs remains.  Only a single buffer is used.
 * Worst case buffer calculation is (ibs + obs - 1).
 */
void
def(void)
{
	size_t cnt;
	u_char *inp;
	const u_char *t;

	if ((t = ctab) != NULL)
		for (inp = in.dbp - (cnt = in.dbrcnt); cnt--; ++inp)
			*inp = t[*inp];

	/* Make the output buffer look right. */
	out.dbp = in.dbp;
	out.dbcnt = in.dbcnt;

	if (in.dbcnt >= out.dbsz) {
		/* If the output buffer is full, write it. */
		dd_out(0);

		/*
		 * Ddout copies the leftover output to the beginning of
		 * the buffer and resets the output buffer.  Reset the
		 * input buffer to match it.
	 	 */
		in.dbp = out.dbp;
		in.dbcnt = out.dbcnt;
	}
}

void
def_close(void)
{
	/* Just update the count, everything is already in the buffer. */
	if (in.dbcnt)
		out.dbcnt = in.dbcnt;
}

#ifdef	NO_CONV
/* Build a smaller version (i.e. for a miniroot) */
/* These can not be called, but just in case...  */
static char no_block[] = "unblock and -DNO_CONV?";
void block()       { errx(1, "%s", no_block + 2); }
void block_close() { errx(1, "%s", no_block + 2); }
void unblock()       { errx(1, "%s", no_block); }
void unblock_close() { errx(1, "%s", no_block); }
#else	/* NO_CONV */

/*
 * Copy variable length newline terminated records with a max size cbsz
 * bytes to output.  Records less than cbs are padded with spaces.
 *
 * max in buffer:  MAX(ibs, cbsz)
 * max out buffer: obs + cbsz
 */
void
block(void)
{
	static int intrunc;
	int ch = -1;
	size_t cnt, maxlen;
	u_char *inp, *outp;
	const u_char *t;

	/*
	 * Record truncation can cross block boundaries.  If currently in a
	 * truncation state, keep tossing characters until reach a newline.
	 * Start at the beginning of the buffer, as the input buffer is always
	 * left empty.
	 */
	if (intrunc) {
		for (inp = in.db, cnt = in.dbrcnt;
		    cnt && *inp++ != '\n'; --cnt);
		if (!cnt) {
			in.dbcnt = 0;
			in.dbp = in.db;
			return;
		}
		intrunc = 0;
		/* Adjust the input buffer numbers. */
		in.dbcnt = cnt - 1;
		in.dbp = inp + cnt - 1;
	}

	/*
	 * Copy records (max cbsz size chunks) into the output buffer.  The
	 * translation is done as we copy into the output buffer.
	 */
	for (inp = in.dbp - in.dbcnt, outp = out.dbp; in.dbcnt;) {
		maxlen = MINIMUM(cbsz, in.dbcnt);
		if ((t = ctab) != NULL)
			for (cnt = 0;
			    cnt < maxlen && (ch = *inp++) != '\n'; ++cnt)
				*outp++ = t[ch];
		else
			for (cnt = 0;
			    cnt < maxlen && (ch = *inp++) != '\n'; ++cnt)
				*outp++ = ch;
		/*
		 * Check for short record without a newline.  Reassemble the
		 * input block.
		 */
		if (ch != '\n' && in.dbcnt < cbsz) {
			(void)memmove(in.db, in.dbp - in.dbcnt, in.dbcnt);
			break;
		}

		/* Adjust the input buffer numbers. */
		in.dbcnt -= cnt;
		if (ch == '\n')
			--in.dbcnt;

		/* Pad short records with spaces. */
		if (cnt < cbsz)
			(void)memset(outp, ctab ? ctab[' '] : ' ', cbsz - cnt);
		else {
			/*
			 * If the next character wouldn't have ended the
			 * block, it's a truncation.
			 */
			if (!in.dbcnt || *inp != '\n')
				++st.trunc;

			/* Toss characters to a newline. */
			for (; in.dbcnt && *inp++ != '\n'; --in.dbcnt);
			if (!in.dbcnt)
				intrunc = 1;
			else
				--in.dbcnt;
		}

		/* Adjust output buffer numbers. */
		out.dbp += cbsz;
		if ((out.dbcnt += cbsz) >= out.dbsz)
			dd_out(0);
		outp = out.dbp;
	}
	in.dbp = in.db + in.dbcnt;
}

void
block_close(void)
{
	/*
	 * Copy any remaining data into the output buffer and pad to a record.
	 * Don't worry about truncation or translation, the input buffer is
	 * always empty when truncating, and no characters have been added for
	 * translation.  The bottom line is that anything left in the input
	 * buffer is a truncated record.  Anything left in the output buffer
	 * just wasn't big enough.
	 */
	if (in.dbcnt) {
		++st.trunc;
		(void)memmove(out.dbp, in.dbp - in.dbcnt, in.dbcnt);
		(void)memset(out.dbp + in.dbcnt,
		    ctab ? ctab[' '] : ' ', cbsz - in.dbcnt);
		out.dbcnt += cbsz;
	}
}

/*
 * Convert fixed length (cbsz) records to variable length.  Deletes any
 * trailing blanks and appends a newline.
 *
 * max in buffer:  MAX(ibs, cbsz) + cbsz
 * max out buffer: obs + cbsz
 */
void
unblock(void)
{
	size_t cnt;
	u_char *inp;
	const u_char *t;

	/* Translation and case conversion. */
	if ((t = ctab) != NULL)
		for (cnt = in.dbrcnt, inp = in.dbp - 1; cnt--; inp--)
			*inp = t[*inp];
	/*
	 * Copy records (max cbsz size chunks) into the output buffer.  The
	 * translation has to already be done or we might not recognize the
	 * spaces.
	 */
	for (inp = in.db; in.dbcnt >= cbsz; inp += cbsz, in.dbcnt -= cbsz) {
		for (t = inp + cbsz - 1; t >= inp && *t == ' '; --t);
		if (t >= inp) {
			cnt = t - inp + 1;
			(void)memmove(out.dbp, inp, cnt);
			out.dbp += cnt;
			out.dbcnt += cnt;
		}
		++out.dbcnt;
		*out.dbp++ = '\n';
		if (out.dbcnt >= out.dbsz)
			dd_out(0);
	}
	if (in.dbcnt)
		(void)memmove(in.db, in.dbp - in.dbcnt, in.dbcnt);
	in.dbp = in.db + in.dbcnt;
}

void
unblock_close(void)
{
	size_t cnt;
	u_char *t;

	if (in.dbcnt) {
		warnx("%s: short input record", in.name);
		for (t = in.db + in.dbcnt - 1; t >= in.db && *t == ' '; --t);
		if (t >= in.db) {
			cnt = t - in.db + 1;
			(void)memmove(out.dbp, in.db, cnt);
			out.dbp += cnt;
			out.dbcnt += cnt;
		}
		++out.dbcnt;
		*out.dbp++ = '\n';
	}
}

#endif	/* NO_CONV */