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sys/fs/fuse/fuse_io.c

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2007-2009 Google Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
 * met:
 *
 * * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *   copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
 *   in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *   distribution.
 * * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
 *   contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
 *   this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005 Csaba Henk.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__FBSDID("$FreeBSD: head/sys/fs/fuse/fuse_io.c 298806 2016-04-29 20:51:24Z pfg $");

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/module.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/errno.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/conf.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include <sys/lock.h>
#include <sys/sx.h>
#include <sys/mutex.h>
#include <sys/rwlock.h>
#include <sys/proc.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/vnode.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/unistd.h>
#include <sys/filedesc.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <sys/fcntl.h>
#include <sys/bio.h>
#include <sys/buf.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>

#include <vm/vm.h>
#include <vm/vm_extern.h>
#include <vm/pmap.h>
#include <vm/vm_map.h>
#include <vm/vm_page.h>
#include <vm/vm_object.h>

#include "fuse.h"
#include "fuse_file.h"
#include "fuse_node.h"
#include "fuse_internal.h"
#include "fuse_ipc.h"
#include "fuse_io.h"

#define FUSE_DEBUG_MODULE IO
#include "fuse_debug.h"


static int 
fuse_read_directbackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh);
static int 
fuse_read_biobackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh);
static int 
fuse_write_directbackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh);
static int 
fuse_write_biobackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh, int ioflag);

int
fuse_io_dispatch(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio, int ioflag,
    struct ucred *cred)
{
	struct fuse_filehandle *fufh;
	int err, directio;

	MPASS(vp->v_type == VREG || vp->v_type == VDIR);

	err = fuse_filehandle_getrw(vp,
	    (uio->uio_rw == UIO_READ) ? FUFH_RDONLY : FUFH_WRONLY, &fufh);
	if (err) {
		printf("FUSE: io dispatch: filehandles are closed\n");
		return err;
	}
	/*
         * Ideally, when the daemon asks for direct io at open time, the
         * standard file flag should be set according to this, so that would
         * just change the default mode, which later on could be changed via
         * fcntl(2).
         * But this doesn't work, the O_DIRECT flag gets cleared at some point
         * (don't know where). So to make any use of the Fuse direct_io option,
         * we hardwire it into the file's private data (similarly to Linux,
         * btw.).
         */
	directio = (ioflag & IO_DIRECT) || !fsess_opt_datacache(vnode_mount(vp));

	switch (uio->uio_rw) {
	case UIO_READ:
		if (directio) {
			FS_DEBUG("direct read of vnode %ju via file handle %ju\n",
			    (uintmax_t)VTOILLU(vp), (uintmax_t)fufh->fh_id);
			err = fuse_read_directbackend(vp, uio, cred, fufh);
		} else {
			FS_DEBUG("buffered read of vnode %ju\n", 
			      (uintmax_t)VTOILLU(vp));
			err = fuse_read_biobackend(vp, uio, cred, fufh);
		}
		break;
	case UIO_WRITE:
		if (directio) {
			FS_DEBUG("direct write of vnode %ju via file handle %ju\n",
			    (uintmax_t)VTOILLU(vp), (uintmax_t)fufh->fh_id);
			err = fuse_write_directbackend(vp, uio, cred, fufh);
		} else {
			FS_DEBUG("buffered write of vnode %ju\n", 
			      (uintmax_t)VTOILLU(vp));
			err = fuse_write_biobackend(vp, uio, cred, fufh, ioflag);
		}
		break;
	default:
		panic("uninterpreted mode passed to fuse_io_dispatch");
	}

	return (err);
}

static int
fuse_read_biobackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh)
{
	struct buf *bp;
	daddr_t lbn;
	int bcount;
	int err = 0, n = 0, on = 0;
	off_t filesize;

	const int biosize = fuse_iosize(vp);

	FS_DEBUG("resid=%zx offset=%jx fsize=%jx\n",
	    uio->uio_resid, uio->uio_offset, VTOFUD(vp)->filesize);

	if (uio->uio_resid == 0)
		return (0);
	if (uio->uio_offset < 0)
		return (EINVAL);

	bcount = MIN(MAXBSIZE, biosize);
	filesize = VTOFUD(vp)->filesize;

	do {
		if (fuse_isdeadfs(vp)) {
			err = ENXIO;
			break;
		}
		lbn = uio->uio_offset / biosize;
		on = uio->uio_offset & (biosize - 1);

		FS_DEBUG2G("biosize %d, lbn %d, on %d\n", biosize, (int)lbn, on);

		/*
	         * Obtain the buffer cache block.  Figure out the buffer size
	         * when we are at EOF.  If we are modifying the size of the
	         * buffer based on an EOF condition we need to hold
	         * nfs_rslock() through obtaining the buffer to prevent
	         * a potential writer-appender from messing with n_size.
	         * Otherwise we may accidentally truncate the buffer and
	         * lose dirty data.
	         *
	         * Note that bcount is *not* DEV_BSIZE aligned.
	         */
		if ((off_t)lbn * biosize >= filesize) {
			bcount = 0;
		} else if ((off_t)(lbn + 1) * biosize > filesize) {
			bcount = filesize - (off_t)lbn *biosize;
		}
		bp = getblk(vp, lbn, bcount, PCATCH, 0, 0);

		if (!bp)
			return (EINTR);

		/*
	         * If B_CACHE is not set, we must issue the read.  If this
	         * fails, we return an error.
	         */

		if ((bp->b_flags & B_CACHE) == 0) {
			bp->b_iocmd = BIO_READ;
			vfs_busy_pages(bp, 0);
			err = fuse_io_strategy(vp, bp);
			if (err) {
				brelse(bp);
				return (err);
			}
		}
		/*
	         * on is the offset into the current bp.  Figure out how many
	         * bytes we can copy out of the bp.  Note that bcount is
	         * NOT DEV_BSIZE aligned.
	         *
	         * Then figure out how many bytes we can copy into the uio.
	         */

		n = 0;
		if (on < bcount)
			n = MIN((unsigned)(bcount - on), uio->uio_resid);
		if (n > 0) {
			FS_DEBUG2G("feeding buffeater with %d bytes of buffer %p,"
				" saying %d was asked for\n",
				n, bp->b_data + on, n + (int)bp->b_resid);
			err = uiomove(bp->b_data + on, n, uio);
		}
		brelse(bp);
		FS_DEBUG2G("end of turn, err %d, uio->uio_resid %zd, n %d\n",
		    err, uio->uio_resid, n);
	} while (err == 0 && uio->uio_resid > 0 && n > 0);

	return (err);
}

static int
fuse_read_directbackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh)
{
	struct fuse_dispatcher fdi;
	struct fuse_read_in *fri;
	int err = 0;

	if (uio->uio_resid == 0)
		return (0);

	fdisp_init(&fdi, 0);

	/*
         * XXX In "normal" case we use an intermediate kernel buffer for
         * transmitting data from daemon's context to ours. Eventually, we should
         * get rid of this. Anyway, if the target uio lives in sysspace (we are
         * called from pageops), and the input data doesn't need kernel-side
         * processing (we are not called from readdir) we can already invoke
         * an optimized, "peer-to-peer" I/O routine.
         */
	while (uio->uio_resid > 0) {
		fdi.iosize = sizeof(*fri);
		fdisp_make_vp(&fdi, FUSE_READ, vp, uio->uio_td, cred);
		fri = fdi.indata;
		fri->fh = fufh->fh_id;
		fri->offset = uio->uio_offset;
		fri->size = MIN(uio->uio_resid,
		    fuse_get_mpdata(vp->v_mount)->max_read);

		FS_DEBUG2G("fri->fh %ju, fri->offset %ju, fri->size %ju\n",
			(uintmax_t)fri->fh, (uintmax_t)fri->offset, 
			(uintmax_t)fri->size);

		if ((err = fdisp_wait_answ(&fdi)))
			goto out;

		FS_DEBUG2G("complete: got iosize=%d, requested fri.size=%zd; "
			"resid=%zd offset=%ju\n",
			fri->size, fdi.iosize, uio->uio_resid, 
			(uintmax_t)uio->uio_offset);

		if ((err = uiomove(fdi.answ, MIN(fri->size, fdi.iosize), uio)))
			break;
		if (fdi.iosize < fri->size)
			break;
	}

out:
	fdisp_destroy(&fdi);
	return (err);
}

static int
fuse_write_directbackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh)
{
	struct fuse_vnode_data *fvdat = VTOFUD(vp);
	struct fuse_write_in *fwi;
	struct fuse_dispatcher fdi;
	size_t chunksize;
	int diff;
	int err = 0;

	if (!uio->uio_resid)
		return (0);

	fdisp_init(&fdi, 0);

	while (uio->uio_resid > 0) {
		chunksize = MIN(uio->uio_resid,
		    fuse_get_mpdata(vp->v_mount)->max_write);

		fdi.iosize = sizeof(*fwi) + chunksize;
		fdisp_make_vp(&fdi, FUSE_WRITE, vp, uio->uio_td, cred);

		fwi = fdi.indata;
		fwi->fh = fufh->fh_id;
		fwi->offset = uio->uio_offset;
		fwi->size = chunksize;

		if ((err = uiomove((char *)fdi.indata + sizeof(*fwi),
		    chunksize, uio)))
			break;

		if ((err = fdisp_wait_answ(&fdi)))
			break;

		diff = chunksize - ((struct fuse_write_out *)fdi.answ)->size;
		if (diff < 0) {
			err = EINVAL;
			break;
		}
		uio->uio_resid += diff;
		uio->uio_offset -= diff;
		if (uio->uio_offset > fvdat->filesize)
			fuse_vnode_setsize(vp, cred, uio->uio_offset);
	}

	fdisp_destroy(&fdi);

	return (err);
}

static int
fuse_write_biobackend(struct vnode *vp, struct uio *uio,
    struct ucred *cred, struct fuse_filehandle *fufh, int ioflag)
{
	struct fuse_vnode_data *fvdat = VTOFUD(vp);
	struct buf *bp;
	daddr_t lbn;
	int bcount;
	int n, on, err = 0;

	const int biosize = fuse_iosize(vp);

	KASSERT(uio->uio_rw == UIO_WRITE, ("ncl_write mode"));
	FS_DEBUG("resid=%zx offset=%jx fsize=%jx\n",
	    uio->uio_resid, uio->uio_offset, fvdat->filesize);
	if (vp->v_type != VREG)
		return (EIO);
	if (uio->uio_offset < 0)
		return (EINVAL);
	if (uio->uio_resid == 0)
		return (0);
	if (ioflag & IO_APPEND)
		uio_setoffset(uio, fvdat->filesize);

	/*
         * Find all of this file's B_NEEDCOMMIT buffers.  If our writes
         * would exceed the local maximum per-file write commit size when
         * combined with those, we must decide whether to flush,
         * go synchronous, or return err.  We don't bother checking
         * IO_UNIT -- we just make all writes atomic anyway, as there's
         * no point optimizing for something that really won't ever happen.
         */
	do {
		if (fuse_isdeadfs(vp)) {
			err = ENXIO;
			break;
		}
		lbn = uio->uio_offset / biosize;
		on = uio->uio_offset & (biosize - 1);
		n = MIN((unsigned)(biosize - on), uio->uio_resid);

		FS_DEBUG2G("lbn %ju, on %d, n %d, uio offset %ju, uio resid %zd\n",
			(uintmax_t)lbn, on, n, 
			(uintmax_t)uio->uio_offset, uio->uio_resid);

again:
		/*
	         * Handle direct append and file extension cases, calculate
	         * unaligned buffer size.
	         */
		if (uio->uio_offset == fvdat->filesize && n) {
			/*
	                 * Get the buffer (in its pre-append state to maintain
	                 * B_CACHE if it was previously set).  Resize the
	                 * nfsnode after we have locked the buffer to prevent
	                 * readers from reading garbage.
	                 */
			bcount = on;
			FS_DEBUG("getting block from OS, bcount %d\n", bcount);
			bp = getblk(vp, lbn, bcount, PCATCH, 0, 0);

			if (bp != NULL) {
				long save;

				err = fuse_vnode_setsize(vp, cred, 
							 uio->uio_offset + n);
				if (err) {
					brelse(bp);
					break;
				}
				save = bp->b_flags & B_CACHE;
				bcount += n;
				allocbuf(bp, bcount);
				bp->b_flags |= save;
			}
		} else {
			/*
	                 * Obtain the locked cache block first, and then
	                 * adjust the file's size as appropriate.
	                 */
			bcount = on + n;
			if ((off_t)lbn * biosize + bcount < fvdat->filesize) {
				if ((off_t)(lbn + 1) * biosize < fvdat->filesize)
					bcount = biosize;
				else
					bcount = fvdat->filesize - 
					  (off_t)lbn *biosize;
			}
			FS_DEBUG("getting block from OS, bcount %d\n", bcount);
			bp = getblk(vp, lbn, bcount, PCATCH, 0, 0);
			if (bp && uio->uio_offset + n > fvdat->filesize) {
				err = fuse_vnode_setsize(vp, cred, 
							 uio->uio_offset + n);
				if (err) {
					brelse(bp);
					break;
				}
			}
		}

		if (!bp) {
			err = EINTR;
			break;
		}
		/*
	         * Issue a READ if B_CACHE is not set.  In special-append
	         * mode, B_CACHE is based on the buffer prior to the write
	         * op and is typically set, avoiding the read.  If a read
	         * is required in special append mode, the server will
	         * probably send us a short-read since we extended the file
	         * on our end, resulting in b_resid == 0 and, thusly,
	         * B_CACHE getting set.
	         *
	         * We can also avoid issuing the read if the write covers
	         * the entire buffer.  We have to make sure the buffer state
	         * is reasonable in this case since we will not be initiating
	         * I/O.  See the comments in kern/vfs_bio.c's getblk() for
	         * more information.
	         *
	         * B_CACHE may also be set due to the buffer being cached
	         * normally.
	         */

		if (on == 0 && n == bcount) {
			bp->b_flags |= B_CACHE;
			bp->b_flags &= ~B_INVAL;
			bp->b_ioflags &= ~BIO_ERROR;
		}
		if ((bp->b_flags & B_CACHE) == 0) {
			bp->b_iocmd = BIO_READ;
			vfs_busy_pages(bp, 0);
			fuse_io_strategy(vp, bp);
			if ((err = bp->b_error)) {
				brelse(bp);
				break;
			}
		}
		if (bp->b_wcred == NOCRED)
			bp->b_wcred = crhold(cred);

		/*
	         * If dirtyend exceeds file size, chop it down.  This should
	         * not normally occur but there is an append race where it
	         * might occur XXX, so we log it.
	         *
	         * If the chopping creates a reverse-indexed or degenerate
	         * situation with dirtyoff/end, we 0 both of them.
	         */

		if (bp->b_dirtyend > bcount) {
			FS_DEBUG("FUSE append race @%lx:%d\n",
			    (long)bp->b_blkno * biosize,
			    bp->b_dirtyend - bcount);
			bp->b_dirtyend = bcount;
		}
		if (bp->b_dirtyoff >= bp->b_dirtyend)
			bp->b_dirtyoff = bp->b_dirtyend = 0;

		/*
	         * If the new write will leave a contiguous dirty
	         * area, just update the b_dirtyoff and b_dirtyend,
	         * otherwise force a write rpc of the old dirty area.
	         *
	         * While it is possible to merge discontiguous writes due to
	         * our having a B_CACHE buffer ( and thus valid read data
	         * for the hole), we don't because it could lead to
	         * significant cache coherency problems with multiple clients,
	         * especially if locking is implemented later on.
	         *
	         * as an optimization we could theoretically maintain
	         * a linked list of discontinuous areas, but we would still
	         * have to commit them separately so there isn't much
	         * advantage to it except perhaps a bit of asynchronization.
	         */

		if (bp->b_dirtyend > 0 &&
		    (on > bp->b_dirtyend || (on + n) < bp->b_dirtyoff)) {
			/*
	                 * Yes, we mean it. Write out everything to "storage"
	                 * immediately, without hesitation. (Apart from other
	                 * reasons: the only way to know if a write is valid
	                 * if its actually written out.)
	                 */
			bwrite(bp);
			if (bp->b_error == EINTR) {
				err = EINTR;
				break;
			}
			goto again;
		}
		err = uiomove((char *)bp->b_data + on, n, uio);

		/*
	         * Since this block is being modified, it must be written
	         * again and not just committed.  Since write clustering does
	         * not work for the stage 1 data write, only the stage 2
	         * commit rpc, we have to clear B_CLUSTEROK as well.
	         */
		bp->b_flags &= ~(B_NEEDCOMMIT | B_CLUSTEROK);

		if (err) {
			bp->b_ioflags |= BIO_ERROR;
			bp->b_error = err;
			brelse(bp);
			break;
		}
		/*
	         * Only update dirtyoff/dirtyend if not a degenerate
	         * condition.
	         */
		if (n) {
			if (bp->b_dirtyend > 0) {
				bp->b_dirtyoff = MIN(on, bp->b_dirtyoff);
				bp->b_dirtyend = MAX((on + n), bp->b_dirtyend);
			} else {
				bp->b_dirtyoff = on;
				bp->b_dirtyend = on + n;
			}
			vfs_bio_set_valid(bp, on, n);
		}
		err = bwrite(bp);
		if (err)
			break;
	} while (uio->uio_resid > 0 && n > 0);

	if (fuse_sync_resize && (fvdat->flag & FN_SIZECHANGE) != 0)
		fuse_vnode_savesize(vp, cred);

	return (err);
}

int
fuse_io_strategy(struct vnode *vp, struct buf *bp)
{
	struct fuse_filehandle *fufh;
	struct fuse_vnode_data *fvdat = VTOFUD(vp);
	struct ucred *cred;
	struct uio *uiop;
	struct uio uio;
	struct iovec io;
	int error = 0;

	const int biosize = fuse_iosize(vp);

	MPASS(vp->v_type == VREG || vp->v_type == VDIR);
	MPASS(bp->b_iocmd == BIO_READ || bp->b_iocmd == BIO_WRITE);
	FS_DEBUG("inode=%ju offset=%jd resid=%ld\n",
	    (uintmax_t)VTOI(vp), (intmax_t)(((off_t)bp->b_blkno) * biosize),
	    bp->b_bcount);

	error = fuse_filehandle_getrw(vp,
	    (bp->b_iocmd == BIO_READ) ? FUFH_RDONLY : FUFH_WRONLY, &fufh);
	if (error) {
		printf("FUSE: strategy: filehandles are closed\n");
		bp->b_ioflags |= BIO_ERROR;
		bp->b_error = error;
		return (error);
	}
	cred = bp->b_iocmd == BIO_READ ? bp->b_rcred : bp->b_wcred;

	uiop = &uio;
	uiop->uio_iov = &io;
	uiop->uio_iovcnt = 1;
	uiop->uio_segflg = UIO_SYSSPACE;
	uiop->uio_td = curthread;

	/*
         * clear BIO_ERROR and B_INVAL state prior to initiating the I/O.  We
         * do this here so we do not have to do it in all the code that
         * calls us.
         */
	bp->b_flags &= ~B_INVAL;
	bp->b_ioflags &= ~BIO_ERROR;

	KASSERT(!(bp->b_flags & B_DONE),
	    ("fuse_io_strategy: bp %p already marked done", bp));
	if (bp->b_iocmd == BIO_READ) {
		io.iov_len = uiop->uio_resid = bp->b_bcount;
		io.iov_base = bp->b_data;
		uiop->uio_rw = UIO_READ;

		uiop->uio_offset = ((off_t)bp->b_blkno) * biosize;
		error = fuse_read_directbackend(vp, uiop, cred, fufh);

		if ((!error && uiop->uio_resid) ||
		    (fsess_opt_brokenio(vnode_mount(vp)) && error == EIO &&
		    uiop->uio_offset < fvdat->filesize && fvdat->filesize > 0 &&
		    uiop->uio_offset >= fvdat->cached_attrs.va_size)) {
			/*
	                 * If we had a short read with no error, we must have
	                 * hit a file hole.  We should zero-fill the remainder.
	                 * This can also occur if the server hits the file EOF.
	                 *
	                 * Holes used to be able to occur due to pending
	                 * writes, but that is not possible any longer.
	                 */
			int nread = bp->b_bcount - uiop->uio_resid;
			int left = uiop->uio_resid;

			if (error != 0) {
				printf("FUSE: Fix broken io: offset %ju, "
				       " resid %zd, file size %ju/%ju\n", 
				       (uintmax_t)uiop->uio_offset,
				    uiop->uio_resid, fvdat->filesize,
				    fvdat->cached_attrs.va_size);
				error = 0;
			}
			if (left > 0)
				bzero((char *)bp->b_data + nread, left);
			uiop->uio_resid = 0;
		}
		if (error) {
			bp->b_ioflags |= BIO_ERROR;
			bp->b_error = error;
		}
	} else {
		/*
	         * If we only need to commit, try to commit
	         */
		if (bp->b_flags & B_NEEDCOMMIT) {
			FS_DEBUG("write: B_NEEDCOMMIT flags set\n");
		}
		/*
	         * Setup for actual write
	         */
		if ((off_t)bp->b_blkno * biosize + bp->b_dirtyend > 
		    fvdat->filesize)
			bp->b_dirtyend = fvdat->filesize - 
				(off_t)bp->b_blkno * biosize;

		if (bp->b_dirtyend > bp->b_dirtyoff) {
			io.iov_len = uiop->uio_resid = bp->b_dirtyend
			    - bp->b_dirtyoff;
			uiop->uio_offset = (off_t)bp->b_blkno * biosize
			    + bp->b_dirtyoff;
			io.iov_base = (char *)bp->b_data + bp->b_dirtyoff;
			uiop->uio_rw = UIO_WRITE;

			error = fuse_write_directbackend(vp, uiop, cred, fufh);

			if (error == EINTR || error == ETIMEDOUT
			    || (!error && (bp->b_flags & B_NEEDCOMMIT))) {

				bp->b_flags &= ~(B_INVAL | B_NOCACHE);
				if ((bp->b_flags & B_PAGING) == 0) {
					bdirty(bp);
					bp->b_flags &= ~B_DONE;
				}
				if ((error == EINTR || error == ETIMEDOUT) &&
				    (bp->b_flags & B_ASYNC) == 0)
					bp->b_flags |= B_EINTR;
			} else {
				if (error) {
					bp->b_ioflags |= BIO_ERROR;
					bp->b_flags |= B_INVAL;
					bp->b_error = error;
				}
				bp->b_dirtyoff = bp->b_dirtyend = 0;
			}
		} else {
			bp->b_resid = 0;
			bufdone(bp);
			return (0);
		}
	}
	bp->b_resid = uiop->uio_resid;
	bufdone(bp);
	return (error);
}

int
fuse_io_flushbuf(struct vnode *vp, int waitfor, struct thread *td)
{
	struct vop_fsync_args a = {
		.a_vp = vp,
		.a_waitfor = waitfor,
		.a_td = td,
	};

	return (vop_stdfsync(&a));
}

/*
 * Flush and invalidate all dirty buffers. If another process is already
 * doing the flush, just wait for completion.
 */
int
fuse_io_invalbuf(struct vnode *vp, struct thread *td)
{
	struct fuse_vnode_data *fvdat = VTOFUD(vp);
	int error = 0;

	if (vp->v_iflag & VI_DOOMED)
		return 0;

	ASSERT_VOP_ELOCKED(vp, "fuse_io_invalbuf");

	while (fvdat->flag & FN_FLUSHINPROG) {
		struct proc *p = td->td_proc;

		if (vp->v_mount->mnt_kern_flag & MNTK_UNMOUNTF)
			return EIO;
		fvdat->flag |= FN_FLUSHWANT;
		tsleep(&fvdat->flag, PRIBIO + 2, "fusevinv", 2 * hz);
		error = 0;
		if (p != NULL) {
			PROC_LOCK(p);
			if (SIGNOTEMPTY(p->p_siglist) ||
			    SIGNOTEMPTY(td->td_siglist))
				error = EINTR;
			PROC_UNLOCK(p);
		}
		if (error == EINTR)
			return EINTR;
	}
	fvdat->flag |= FN_FLUSHINPROG;

	if (vp->v_bufobj.bo_object != NULL) {
		VM_OBJECT_WLOCK(vp->v_bufobj.bo_object);
		vm_object_page_clean(vp->v_bufobj.bo_object, 0, 0, OBJPC_SYNC);
		VM_OBJECT_WUNLOCK(vp->v_bufobj.bo_object);
	}
	error = vinvalbuf(vp, V_SAVE, PCATCH, 0);
	while (error) {
		if (error == ERESTART || error == EINTR) {
			fvdat->flag &= ~FN_FLUSHINPROG;
			if (fvdat->flag & FN_FLUSHWANT) {
				fvdat->flag &= ~FN_FLUSHWANT;
				wakeup(&fvdat->flag);
			}
			return EINTR;
		}
		error = vinvalbuf(vp, V_SAVE, PCATCH, 0);
	}
	fvdat->flag &= ~FN_FLUSHINPROG;
	if (fvdat->flag & FN_FLUSHWANT) {
		fvdat->flag &= ~FN_FLUSHWANT;
		wakeup(&fvdat->flag);
	}
	return (error);
}