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sys/cddl/contrib/opensolaris/uts/common/sys/feature_tests.h

/*
 * CDDL HEADER START
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
 * Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
 * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
 * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
 * and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
 * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
 * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
 * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
 * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 *
 * CDDL HEADER END
 */

/*
 * Copyright 2013 Garrett D'Amore <garrett@damore.org>
 *
 * Copyright 2006 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Use is subject to license terms.
 */

#ifndef _SYS_FEATURE_TESTS_H
#define	_SYS_FEATURE_TESTS_H

#include <sys/ccompile.h>

#ifdef	__cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/*
 * Values of _POSIX_C_SOURCE
 *
 *		undefined   not a POSIX compilation
 *		1	    POSIX.1-1990 compilation
 *		2	    POSIX.2-1992 compilation
 *		199309L	    POSIX.1b-1993 compilation (Real Time)
 *		199506L	    POSIX.1c-1995 compilation (POSIX Threads)
 *		200112L	    POSIX.1-2001 compilation (Austin Group Revision)
 *		200809L     POSIX.1-2008 compilation
 */
#if defined(_POSIX_SOURCE) && !defined(_POSIX_C_SOURCE)
#define	_POSIX_C_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
 * The feature test macros __XOPEN_OR_POSIX, _STRICT_STDC, _STRICT_SYMBOLS,
 * and _STDC_C99 are Sun implementation specific macros created in order to
 * compress common standards specified feature test macros for easier reading.
 * These macros should not be used by the application developer as
 * unexpected results may occur. Instead, the user should reference
 * standards(5) for correct usage of the standards feature test macros.
 *
 * __XOPEN_OR_POSIX     Used in cases where a symbol is defined by both
 *                      X/Open or POSIX or in the negative, when neither
 *                      X/Open or POSIX defines a symbol.
 *
 * _STRICT_STDC         __STDC__ is specified by the C Standards and defined
 *                      by the compiler. For Sun compilers the value of
 *                      __STDC__ is either 1, 0, or not defined based on the
 *                      compilation mode (see cc(1)). When the value of
 *                      __STDC__ is 1 and in the absence of any other feature
 *                      test macros, the namespace available to the application
 *                      is limited to only those symbols defined by the C
 *                      Standard. _STRICT_STDC provides a more readable means
 *                      of identifying symbols defined by the standard, or in
 *                      the negative, symbols that are extensions to the C
 *                      Standard. See additional comments for GNU C differences.
 *
 * _STDC_C99            __STDC_VERSION__ is specified by the C standards and
 *                      defined by the compiler and indicates the version of
 *                      the C standard. A value of 199901L indicates a
 *                      compiler that complies with ISO/IEC 9899:1999, other-
 *                      wise known as the C99 standard.
 *
 * _STRICT_SYMBOLS	Used in cases where symbol visibility is restricted
 *                      by the standards, and the user has not explicitly
 *                      relaxed the strictness via __EXTENSIONS__.
 */

#if defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) || defined(_POSIX_C_SOURCE)
#define	__XOPEN_OR_POSIX
#endif

/*
 * ISO/IEC 9899:1990 and it's revision, ISO/IEC 9899:1999 specify the
 * following predefined macro name:
 *
 * __STDC__	The integer constant 1, intended to indicate a conforming
 *		implementation.
 *
 * Furthermore, a strictly conforming program shall use only those features
 * of the language and library specified in these standards. A conforming
 * implementation shall accept any strictly conforming program.
 *
 * Based on these requirements, Sun's C compiler defines __STDC__ to 1 for
 * strictly conforming environments and __STDC__ to 0 for environments that
 * use ANSI C semantics but allow extensions to the C standard. For non-ANSI
 * C semantics, Sun's C compiler does not define __STDC__.
 *
 * The GNU C project interpretation is that __STDC__ should always be defined
 * to 1 for compilation modes that accept ANSI C syntax regardless of whether
 * or not extensions to the C standard are used. Violations of conforming
 * behavior are conditionally flagged as warnings via the use of the
 * -pedantic option. In addition to defining __STDC__ to 1, the GNU C
 * compiler also defines __STRICT_ANSI__ as a means of specifying strictly
 * conforming environments using the -ansi or -std=<standard> options.
 *
 * In the absence of any other compiler options, Sun and GNU set the value
 * of __STDC__ as follows when using the following options:
 *
 *				Value of __STDC__  __STRICT_ANSI__
 *
 * cc -Xa (default)			0	      undefined
 * cc -Xt (transitional)		0             undefined
 * cc -Xc (strictly conforming)		1	      undefined
 * cc -Xs (K&R C)		    undefined	      undefined
 *
 * gcc (default)			1	      undefined
 * gcc -ansi, -std={c89, c99,...)  	1              defined
 * gcc -traditional (K&R)	    undefined	      undefined
 *
 * The default compilation modes for Sun C compilers versus GNU C compilers
 * results in a differing value for __STDC__ which results in a more
 * restricted namespace when using Sun compilers. To allow both GNU and Sun
 * interpretations to peacefully co-exist, we use the following Sun
 * implementation _STRICT_STDC_ macro:
 */

#if (__STDC__ - 0 == 1 && !defined(__GNUC__)) || \
	(defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__STRICT_ANSI__))
#define	_STRICT_STDC
#else
#undef	_STRICT_STDC
#endif

/*
 * Compiler complies with ISO/IEC 9899:1999
 */

#if __STDC_VERSION__ - 0 >= 199901L
#ifndef _STDC_C99
#define	_STDC_C99
#endif
#endif

/*
 * Use strict symbol visibility.
 */
#if (defined(_STRICT_STDC) || defined(__XOPEN_OR_POSIX)) && \
	!defined(__EXTENSIONS__)
#define	_STRICT_SYMBOLS
#endif

/*
 * Large file interfaces:
 *
 *	_LARGEFILE_SOURCE
 *		1		large file-related additions to POSIX
 *				interfaces requested (fseeko, etc.)
 *	_LARGEFILE64_SOURCE
 *		1		transitional large-file-related interfaces
 *				requested (seek64, stat64, etc.)
 *
 * The corresponding announcement macros are respectively:
 *	_LFS_LARGEFILE
 *	_LFS64_LARGEFILE
 * (These are set in <unistd.h>.)
 *
 * Requesting _LARGEFILE64_SOURCE implies requesting _LARGEFILE_SOURCE as
 * well.
 *
 * The large file interfaces are made visible regardless of the initial values
 * of the feature test macros under certain circumstances:
 *    -	If no explicit standards-conforming environment is requested (neither
 *	of _POSIX_SOURCE nor _XOPEN_SOURCE is defined and the value of
 *	__STDC__ does not imply standards conformance).
 *    -	Extended system interfaces are explicitly requested (__EXTENSIONS__
 * 	is defined).
 *    -	Access to in-kernel interfaces is requested (_KERNEL or _KMEMUSER is
 *	defined).  (Note that this dependency is an artifact of the current
 *	kernel implementation and may change in future releases.)
 */
#if	(!defined(_STRICT_STDC) && !defined(__XOPEN_OR_POSIX)) || \
		defined(_KERNEL) || defined(_KMEMUSER) || \
		defined(__EXTENSIONS__)
#undef	_LARGEFILE64_SOURCE
#define	_LARGEFILE64_SOURCE	1
#endif
#if	_LARGEFILE64_SOURCE - 0 == 1
#undef	_LARGEFILE_SOURCE
#define	_LARGEFILE_SOURCE	1
#endif

/*
 * Large file compilation environment control:
 *
 * The setting of _FILE_OFFSET_BITS controls the size of various file-related
 * types and governs the mapping between file-related source function symbol
 * names and the corresponding binary entry points.
 *
 * In the 32-bit environment, the default value is 32; if not set, set it to
 * the default here, to simplify tests in other headers.
 *
 * In the 64-bit compilation environment, the only value allowed is 64.
 */
#if defined(_LP64)
#ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#define	_FILE_OFFSET_BITS	64
#endif
#if	_FILE_OFFSET_BITS - 0 != 64
#error	"invalid _FILE_OFFSET_BITS value specified"
#endif
#else	/* _LP64 */
#ifndef	_FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#define	_FILE_OFFSET_BITS	32
#endif
#if	_FILE_OFFSET_BITS - 0 != 32 && _FILE_OFFSET_BITS - 0 != 64
#error	"invalid _FILE_OFFSET_BITS value specified"
#endif
#endif	/* _LP64 */

/*
 * Use of _XOPEN_SOURCE
 *
 * The following X/Open specifications are supported:
 *
 * X/Open Portability Guide, Issue 3 (XPG3)
 * X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 4 (XPG4)
 * X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 4, Version 2 (XPG4v2)
 * X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 5 (XPG5)
 * Open Group Technical Standard, Issue 6 (XPG6), also referred to as
 *    IEEE Std. 1003.1-2001 and ISO/IEC 9945:2002.
 * Open Group Technical Standard, Issue 7 (XPG7), also referred to as
 *    IEEE Std. 1003.1-2008 and ISO/IEC 9945:2009.
 *
 * XPG4v2 is also referred to as UNIX 95 (SUS or SUSv1).
 * XPG5 is also referred to as UNIX 98 or the Single Unix Specification,
 *     Version 2 (SUSv2)
 * XPG6 is the result of a merge of the X/Open and POSIX specifications
 *     and as such is also referred to as IEEE Std. 1003.1-2001 in
 *     addition to UNIX 03 and SUSv3.
 * XPG7 is also referred to as UNIX 08 and SUSv4.
 *
 * When writing a conforming X/Open application, as per the specification
 * requirements, the appropriate feature test macros must be defined at
 * compile time. These are as follows. For more info, see standards(5).
 *
 * Feature Test Macro				     Specification
 * ------------------------------------------------  -------------
 * _XOPEN_SOURCE                                         XPG3
 * _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_VERSION = 4                   XPG4
 * _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED = 1           XPG4v2
 * _XOPEN_SOURCE = 500                                   XPG5
 * _XOPEN_SOURCE = 600  (or POSIX_C_SOURCE=200112L)      XPG6
 * _XOPEN_SOURCE = 700  (or POSIX_C_SOURCE=200809L)      XPG7
 *
 * In order to simplify the guards within the headers, the following
 * implementation private test macros have been created. Applications
 * must NOT use these private test macros as unexpected results will
 * occur.
 *
 * Note that in general, the use of these private macros is cumulative.
 * For example, the use of _XPG3 with no other restrictions on the X/Open
 * namespace will make the symbols visible for XPG3 through XPG6
 * compilation environments. The use of _XPG4_2 with no other X/Open
 * namespace restrictions indicates that the symbols were introduced in
 * XPG4v2 and are therefore visible for XPG4v2 through XPG6 compilation
 * environments, but not for XPG3 or XPG4 compilation environments.
 *
 * _XPG3    X/Open Portability Guide, Issue 3 (XPG3)
 * _XPG4    X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 4 (XPG4)
 * _XPG4_2  X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 4, Version 2 (XPG4v2/UNIX 95/SUS)
 * _XPG5    X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 5 (XPG5/UNIX 98/SUSv2)
 * _XPG6    Open Group Technical Standard, Issue 6 (XPG6/UNIX 03/SUSv3)
 * _XPG7    Open Group Technical Standard, Issue 7 (XPG7/UNIX 08/SUSv4)
 */

/* X/Open Portability Guide, Issue 3 */
#if defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && (_XOPEN_SOURCE - 0 < 500) && \
	(_XOPEN_VERSION - 0 < 4) && !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED)
#define	_XPG3
/* X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 4 */
#elif	(defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && _XOPEN_VERSION - 0 == 4)
#define	_XPG4
#define	_XPG3
/* X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 4, Version 2 */
#elif (defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED - 0 == 1)
#define	_XPG4_2
#define	_XPG4
#define	_XPG3
/* X/Open CAE Specification, Issue 5 */
#elif	(_XOPEN_SOURCE - 0 == 500)
#define	_XPG5
#define	_XPG4_2
#define	_XPG4
#define	_XPG3
#undef	_POSIX_C_SOURCE
#define	_POSIX_C_SOURCE			199506L
/* Open Group Technical Standard , Issue 6 */
#elif	(_XOPEN_SOURCE - 0 == 600) || (_POSIX_C_SOURCE - 0 == 200112L)
#define	_XPG6
#define	_XPG5
#define	_XPG4_2
#define	_XPG4
#define	_XPG3
#undef	_POSIX_C_SOURCE
#define	_POSIX_C_SOURCE			200112L
#undef	_XOPEN_SOURCE
#define	_XOPEN_SOURCE			600

/* Open Group Technical Standard, Issue 7 */
#elif	(_XOPEN_SOURCE - 0 == 700) || (_POSIX_C_SOURCE - 0 == 200809L)
#define	_XPG7
#define	_XPG6
#define	_XPG5
#define	_XPG4_2
#define	_XPG4
#define	_XPG3
#undef	_POSIX_C_SOURCE
#define	_POSIX_C_SOURCE			200809L
#undef	_XOPEN_SOURCE
#define	_XOPEN_SOURCE			700
#endif

/*
 * _XOPEN_VERSION is defined by the X/Open specifications and is not
 * normally defined by the application, except in the case of an XPG4
 * application.  On the implementation side, _XOPEN_VERSION defined with
 * the value of 3 indicates an XPG3 application. _XOPEN_VERSION defined
 * with the value of 4 indicates an XPG4 or XPG4v2 (UNIX 95) application.
 * _XOPEN_VERSION  defined with a value of 500 indicates an XPG5 (UNIX 98)
 * application and with a value of 600 indicates an XPG6 (UNIX 03)
 * application and with a value of 700 indicates an XPG7 (UNIX 08).
 * The appropriate version is determined by the use of the
 * feature test macros described earlier.  The value of _XOPEN_VERSION
 * defaults to 3 otherwise indicating support for XPG3 applications.
 */
#ifndef _XOPEN_VERSION
#if	defined(_XPG7)
#define	_XOPEN_VERSION 700
#elif	defined(_XPG6)
#define	_XOPEN_VERSION 600
#elif defined(_XPG5)
#define	_XOPEN_VERSION 500
#elif	defined(_XPG4_2)
#define	_XOPEN_VERSION  4
#else
#define	_XOPEN_VERSION  3
#endif
#endif

/*
 * ANSI C and ISO 9899:1990 say the type long long doesn't exist in strictly
 * conforming environments.  ISO 9899:1999 says it does.
 *
 * The presence of _LONGLONG_TYPE says "long long exists" which is therefore
 * defined in all but strictly conforming environments that disallow it.
 */
#if !defined(_STDC_C99) && defined(_STRICT_STDC) && !defined(__GNUC__)
/*
 * Resist attempts to force the definition of long long in this case.
 */
#if defined(_LONGLONG_TYPE)
#error	"No long long in strictly conforming ANSI C & 1990 ISO C environments"
#endif
#else
#if !defined(_LONGLONG_TYPE)
#define	_LONGLONG_TYPE
#endif
#endif

/*
 * It is invalid to compile an XPG3, XPG4, XPG4v2, or XPG5 application
 * using c99.  The same is true for POSIX.1-1990, POSIX.2-1992, POSIX.1b,
 * and POSIX.1c applications. Likewise, it is invalid to compile an XPG6
 * or a POSIX.1-2001 application with anything other than a c99 or later
 * compiler.  Therefore, we force an error in both cases.
 */
#if defined(_STDC_C99) && (defined(__XOPEN_OR_POSIX) && !defined(_XPG6))
#error "Compiler or options invalid for pre-UNIX 03 X/Open applications \
	and pre-2001 POSIX applications"
#elif !defined(_STDC_C99) && \
	(defined(__XOPEN_OR_POSIX) && defined(_XPG6))
#error "Compiler or options invalid; UNIX 03 and POSIX.1-2001 applications \
	require the use of c99"
#endif

/*
 * The following macro defines a value for the ISO C99 restrict
 * keyword so that _RESTRICT_KYWD resolves to "restrict" if
 * an ISO C99 compiler is used and "" (null string) if any other
 * compiler is used. This allows for the use of single prototype
 * declarations regardless of compiler version.
 */
#if (defined(__STDC__) && defined(_STDC_C99)) && !defined(__cplusplus)
#define	_RESTRICT_KYWD	restrict
#else
#define	_RESTRICT_KYWD
#endif

/*
 * The following macro indicates header support for the ANSI C++
 * standard.  The ISO/IEC designation for this is ISO/IEC FDIS 14882.
 */
#define	_ISO_CPP_14882_1998

/*
 * The following macro indicates header support for the C99 standard,
 * ISO/IEC 9899:1999, Programming Languages - C.
 */
#define	_ISO_C_9899_1999

/*
 * The following macro indicates header support for DTrace. The value is an
 * integer that corresponds to the major version number for DTrace.
 */
#define	_DTRACE_VERSION	1

#ifdef	__cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif	/* _SYS_FEATURE_TESTS_H */