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src/bin/dd/args.c

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1991, 1993, 1994
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
 * Keith Muller of the University of California, San Diego and Lance
 * Visser of Convex Computer Corporation.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)args.c	8.3 (Berkeley) 4/2/94";
#endif /* not lint */

#include <sys/types.h>

#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "dd.h"
#include "extern.h"

static int	c_arg __P((const void *, const void *));
static int	c_conv __P((const void *, const void *));
static void	f_bs __P((char *));
static void	f_cbs __P((char *));
static void	f_conv __P((char *));
static void	f_count __P((char *));
static void	f_files __P((char *));
static void	f_ibs __P((char *));
static void	f_if __P((char *));
static void	f_obs __P((char *));
static void	f_of __P((char *));
static void	f_seek __P((char *));
static void	f_skip __P((char *));
static u_long	get_bsz __P((char *));

static struct arg {
	char *name;
	void (*f) __P((char *));
	u_int set, noset;
} args[] = {
	{ "bs",		f_bs,		C_BS,	 C_BS|C_IBS|C_OBS|C_OSYNC },
	{ "cbs",	f_cbs,		C_CBS,	 C_CBS },
	{ "conv",	f_conv,		0,	 0 },
	{ "count",	f_count,	C_COUNT, C_COUNT },
	{ "files",	f_files,	C_FILES, C_FILES },
	{ "ibs",	f_ibs,		C_IBS,	 C_BS|C_IBS },
	{ "if",		f_if,		C_IF,	 C_IF },
	{ "obs",	f_obs,		C_OBS,	 C_BS|C_OBS },
	{ "of",		f_of,		C_OF,	 C_OF },
	{ "seek",	f_seek,		C_SEEK,	 C_SEEK },
	{ "skip",	f_skip,		C_SKIP,	 C_SKIP },
};

static char *oper;

/*
 * args -- parse JCL syntax of dd.
 */
void
jcl(argv)
	char **argv;
{
	struct arg *ap, tmp;
	char *arg;

	in.dbsz = out.dbsz = 512;

	while (oper = *++argv) {
		if ((arg = strchr(oper, '=')) == NULL)
			errx(1, "unknown operand %s", oper);
		*arg++ = '\0';
		if (!*arg)
			errx(1, "no value specified for %s", oper);
		tmp.name = oper;
		if (!(ap = (struct arg *)bsearch(&tmp, args,
		    sizeof(args)/sizeof(struct arg), sizeof(struct arg),
		    c_arg)))
			errx(1, "unknown operand %s", tmp.name);
		if (ddflags & ap->noset)
			errx(1, "%s: illegal argument combination or already set",
			    tmp.name);
		ddflags |= ap->set;
		ap->f(arg);
	}

	/* Final sanity checks. */

	if (ddflags & C_BS) {
		/*
		 * Bs is turned off by any conversion -- we assume the user
		 * just wanted to set both the input and output block sizes
		 * and didn't want the bs semantics, so we don't warn.
		 */
		if (ddflags & (C_BLOCK|C_LCASE|C_SWAB|C_UCASE|C_UNBLOCK))
			ddflags &= ~C_BS;

		/* Bs supersedes ibs and obs. */
		if (ddflags & C_BS && ddflags & (C_IBS|C_OBS))
			warnx("bs supersedes ibs and obs");
	}

	/*
	 * Ascii/ebcdic and cbs implies block/unblock.
	 * Block/unblock requires cbs and vice-versa.
	 */
	if (ddflags & (C_BLOCK|C_UNBLOCK)) {
		if (!(ddflags & C_CBS))
			errx(1, "record operations require cbs");
		if (cbsz == 0)
			errx(1, "cbs cannot be zero");
		cfunc = ddflags & C_BLOCK ? block : unblock;
	} else if (ddflags & C_CBS) {
		if (ddflags & (C_ASCII|C_EBCDIC)) {
			if (ddflags & C_ASCII) {
				ddflags |= C_UNBLOCK;
				cfunc = unblock;
			} else {
				ddflags |= C_BLOCK;
				cfunc = block;
			}
		} else
			errx(1, "cbs meaningless if not doing record operations");
		if (cbsz == 0)
			errx(1, "cbs cannot be zero");
	} else
		cfunc = def;

	if (in.dbsz == 0 || out.dbsz == 0)
		errx(1, "buffer sizes cannot be zero");

	/*
	 * Read, write and seek calls take ints as arguments.  Seek sizes
	 * could be larger if we wanted to do it in stages or check only
	 * regular files, but it's probably not worth it.
	 */
	if (in.dbsz > INT_MAX || out.dbsz > INT_MAX)
		errx(1, "buffer sizes cannot be greater than %d", INT_MAX);
	if (in.offset > INT_MAX / in.dbsz || out.offset > INT_MAX / out.dbsz)
		errx(1, "seek offsets cannot be larger than %d", INT_MAX);
}

static int
c_arg(a, b)
	const void *a, *b;
{

	return (strcmp(((struct arg *)a)->name, ((struct arg *)b)->name));
}

static void
f_bs(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	in.dbsz = out.dbsz = (int)get_bsz(arg);
}

static void
f_cbs(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	cbsz = (int)get_bsz(arg);
}

static void
f_count(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	cpy_cnt = (u_int)get_bsz(arg);
	if (!cpy_cnt)
		terminate(0);
}

static void
f_files(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	files_cnt = (int)get_bsz(arg);
}

static void
f_ibs(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	if (!(ddflags & C_BS))
		in.dbsz = (int)get_bsz(arg);
}

static void
f_if(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	in.name = arg;
}

static void
f_obs(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	if (!(ddflags & C_BS))
		out.dbsz = (int)get_bsz(arg);
}

static void
f_of(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	out.name = arg;
}

static void
f_seek(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	out.offset = (u_int)get_bsz(arg);
}

static void
f_skip(arg)
	char *arg;
{

	in.offset = (u_int)get_bsz(arg);
}

static struct conv {
	char *name;
	u_int set, noset;
	u_char *ctab;
} clist[] = {
	{ "ascii",	C_ASCII,	C_EBCDIC,	e2a_POSIX },
	{ "block",	C_BLOCK,	C_UNBLOCK,	NULL },
	{ "ebcdic",	C_EBCDIC,	C_ASCII,	a2e_POSIX },
	{ "ibm",	C_EBCDIC,	C_ASCII,	a2ibm_POSIX },
	{ "lcase",	C_LCASE,	C_UCASE,	NULL },
	{ "noerror",	C_NOERROR,	0,		NULL },
	{ "notrunc",	C_NOTRUNC,	0,		NULL },
	{ "oldascii",	C_ASCII,	C_EBCDIC,	e2a_32V },
	{ "oldebcdic",	C_EBCDIC,	C_ASCII,	a2e_32V },
	{ "oldibm",	C_EBCDIC,	C_ASCII,	a2ibm_32V },
	{ "osync",	C_OSYNC,	C_BS,		NULL },
	{ "swab",	C_SWAB,		0,		NULL },
	{ "sync",	C_SYNC,		0,		NULL },
	{ "ucase",	C_UCASE,	C_LCASE,	NULL },
	{ "unblock",	C_UNBLOCK,	C_BLOCK,	NULL },
};

static void
f_conv(arg)
	char *arg;
{
	struct conv *cp, tmp;

	while (arg != NULL) {
		tmp.name = strsep(&arg, ",");
		if (!(cp = (struct conv *)bsearch(&tmp, clist,
		    sizeof(clist)/sizeof(struct conv), sizeof(struct conv),
		    c_conv)))
			errx(1, "unknown conversion %s", tmp.name);
		if (ddflags & cp->noset)
			errx(1, "%s: illegal conversion combination", tmp.name);
		ddflags |= cp->set;
		if (cp->ctab)
			ctab = cp->ctab;
	}
}

static int
c_conv(a, b)
	const void *a, *b;
{

	return (strcmp(((struct conv *)a)->name, ((struct conv *)b)->name));
}

/*
 * Convert an expression of the following forms to an unsigned long.
 * 	1) A positive decimal number.
 *	2) A positive decimal number followed by a b (mult by 512).
 *	3) A positive decimal number followed by a k (mult by 1024).
 *	4) A positive decimal number followed by a m (mult by 512).
 *	5) A positive decimal number followed by a w (mult by sizeof int)
 *	6) Two or more positive decimal numbers (with/without k,b or w).
 *	   seperated by x (also * for backwards compatibility), specifying
 *	   the product of the indicated values.
 */
static u_long
get_bsz(val)
	char *val;
{
	u_long num, t;
	char *expr;

	num = strtoul(val, &expr, 0);
	if (num == ULONG_MAX)			/* Overflow. */
		err(1, "%s", oper);
	if (expr == val)			/* No digits. */
		errx(1, "%s: illegal numeric value", oper);

	switch(*expr) {
	case 'b':
		t = num;
		num *= 512;
		if (t > num)
			goto erange;
		++expr;
		break;
	case 'k':
		t = num;
		num *= 1024;
		if (t > num)
			goto erange;
		++expr;
		break;
	case 'm':
		t = num;
		num *= 1048576;
		if (t > num)
			goto erange;
		++expr;
		break;
	case 'w':
		t = num;
		num *= sizeof(int);
		if (t > num)
			goto erange;
		++expr;
		break;
	}

	switch(*expr) {
		case '\0':
			break;
		case '*':			/* Backward compatible. */
		case 'x':
			t = num;
			num *= get_bsz(expr + 1);
			if (t > num)
erange:				errx(1, "%s: %s", oper, strerror(ERANGE));
			break;
		default:
			errx(1, "%s: illegal numeric value", oper);
	}
	return (num);
}